Royal Dutch Shell is a group of energy and petrochemical companies. Its operations are divided into businesses: Upstream, Integrated Gas and Renewables and Energy Solutions (formerly New Energies), and Downstream. The Upstream division manages the exploration and extraction of crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids. It also markets and transports oil and gas and operates the related delivery infrastructure. The Integrated Gas and Renewables and Energy Solutions division is engaged in liquefying of natural gas and converting gas to liquids for safe storage and shipping. The Downstream segment is focused on turning crude oil into a range of refined products for domestic, industrial, and transport use. In addition, its Projects and Technology organization is responsible for delivering new development projects and research and development.