MannKind Corporation (Nasdaq: MNKD) focuses on the discovery, development and commercialization of therapeutic products for patients with diseases such as diabetes. Its lead product candidate, AFREZZA(R) , is in late stage clinical investigation for the treatment of adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes for the control of hyperglycemia.
AFREZZA® (pronounced uh-FREZZ-uh), approved in 2014 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is a rapid-acting inhaled insulin therapy indicated to improve glycemic control in adults with diabetes. Taken at the start of a meal using a specially designed inhaler, Afrezza dissolves rapidly upon inhalation to the deep lung and delivers insulin quickly to the bloodstream. Peak insulin levels are achieved within 12 to 15 minutes of use and help to control post-meal blood sugar spikes that affect HbA1C levels.
AFREZZA utilizes our proprietary Technosphere® formulation technology , which is based on a class of organic molecules that are designed to self-assemble into small particles onto which drug molecules can be loaded. We believe Technosphere represents a versatile drug delivery platform that may allow pulmonary administration of certain drugs that currently require administration by injection, such as GLP-1. Pulmonary administration provides convenience for the patient and we believe a major advantage of drugs inhaled as Technosphere formulations is that they have been shown to be absorbed very rapidly into the arterial circulation, essentially mimicking intra-arterial administration. MannKind is also developing other inhalation technologies, including an innovative line of patient-focused, breath-activated, dry powder inhalers and inhalation profiling to characterize patient inhalation.